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  Understanding Diabetes Fact Sheet

Understanding Diabetes Fact Sheet

  • There are nearly 24 million people in the United States with diabetes A
    • This number represents an increase of about three million over two years

  • Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the country and can cause serious health issues including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and even amputation1B
  • Type 1 diabetes develops when the body’s immune system destroys pancreatic beta cells, the only cells in the body that make the insulin that regulates blood glucose1C
  • Type 2 diabetes develops when the body begins showing signs of insulin resistance, a disorder in which the cells do not use insulin properly1D.
  • People with diabetes can treat the disease by controlling blood glucose, blood pressure, and blood lipids1E.
    • People with type 1 diabetes must deliver insulin via injection or pump-therapy.
    • Many people with type 2 diabetes can control their blood glucose levels with healthy meals, exercise and taking oral medications and/or insulin injections.
    • Of the 24 million Americans with diabetes, 27 percent, or more than six million require insulin injections to manage their disease. 1F


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